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Automated Reasoning with Tangles: towards Quantum Verification Applications

12 pagesPublished: May 26, 2024


We demonstrate utility of generic automated reasoning (AR) methods in the com- putational topology domain, evidencing the benefit of the use of existing AR machinery within the domain on the one hand, whilst providing a pathway into a rich playground with potential to drive future AR requirements. We also progress towards quantum soft- ware verification contribution, via a recent proposal to use tangles as a representation of a certain class of quantum programs. The general methodology is, roughly speaking, to transform tasks of equivalence of topological objects (tangles) into equivalence of algebraic objects (pointed quandles) and those in turn translate into AR tasks. To enhance trust in automated checks, this can be followed by interpretation of AR outputs as human- readable output, either in symbolic algebraic form suitable for domain experts or ideally in visual topological form, potentially suitable for all. We provide formalisation via an appropriate class of labelled tangles (suitable for Quantum Verification) with associated algebraic invariants (pointed involutory quandles) and translate equivalence checking of these invariants to equational reasoning tasks. Furthermore, subsequent to automated proof creation for simple quantum verification (QV) examples, we demonstrate manual extraction of visual proof rules and visual equivalence, utilising proof graphs as a bridging step, progressing towards the automation of human-readable visual proofs.

Keyphrases: automated reasoning, involutory quandles, quantum verification, tangles

In: Nikolaj Bjorner, Marijn Heule and Andrei Voronkov (editors). LPAR 2024 Complementary Volume, vol 18, pages 69--80

BibTeX entry
  author    = {Andrew Fish and Alexei Lisitsa},
  title     = {Automated Reasoning with Tangles: towards Quantum Verification Applications},
  booktitle = {LPAR 2024 Complementary Volume},
  editor    = {Nikolaj Bj\{\textbackslash{}o\}rner and Marijn Heule and Andrei Voronkov},
  series    = {Kalpa Publications in Computing},
  volume    = {18},
  pages     = {69--80},
  year      = {2024},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair,},
  issn      = {2515-1762},
  url       = {},
  doi       = {10.29007/d1rc}}
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